Why Tesla’s Full Self Driving (FSD) Is Years Away From Working

On this article, I clarify the rationale why I don’t assume Tesla Full Self Driving (FSD) will work for a few years, primarily based on 5 years of utilizing the product.

My Expertise With Tesla Autopilot And FSD Beta

I’m a knowledge engineer and I’ve been creating software program for 40 years for main Fortune 500 firms. I’ve little or no expertise in synthetic intelligence (AI), so maintain that in thoughts as you learn this text. I might be 100% unsuitable. My household has 3 copies of the FSD Beta software program and I take advantage of it day by day to drive in Florida or Colorado. I’ve used Autopilot or FSD Beta for five years and have seen little enchancment on the freeway and a few enchancment within the metropolis throughout that 5-year interval. The product isn’t getting exponentially higher — it retains hitting points that take years to resolve or are by no means resolved. If an intersection in Tampa is modified, FSD doesn’t notice that 2 years later and I’ve to disengage each single day in the identical spot. Though hundreds of automobiles have gone by means of that intersection tens of millions of instances, the automobile nonetheless thinks this lane is a left flip lane and it isn’t. Any 14-year-old might learn the indicators and inform that.

The automobile has no native studying functionality, and no skill for the proprietor to override what FSD thinks with out disengaging. Examine this with educating a 14 yr previous to drive.  You possibly can inform the 14 yr previous that this isn’t a flip lane as soon as, and they’re going to do not forget that and never make that very same mistake a thousand extra instances. A 14-year-old drives high-quality and not using a billion {dollars} in compute and without having to review a billion miles of information. They only study a number of guidelines and determine the remaining out on their very own. This 14-year-old can’t move the bar examination (like ChatGPT can) or beat a grand chess grasp (like AlphaZero can), however they will safely drive a automobile.

A Few Points I See

First is that when the highway differs from what the automobile’s maps inform it, it trusts its maps, not its eyes. I bear in mind after I first used a GPS 15 years in the past and adopted the GPS directions too actually and drove right into a ditch. I realized my lesson, however FSD has not but realized to belief what it sees as a substitute of what the maps inform you it ought to see.

Second, the automobile has no skill to study regionally. It is sort of a Borg from Star Trek that’s managed by a hive thoughts. What’s the main distinction between capitalism and communist or command economies? Decentralized vs. centralized resolution making. Why did China transfer to largely decentralized resolution making and incentives 50 years in the past? As a result of tens of millions had been ravenous when the farms had been all state owned and centrally managed. Once they let the employees personal the farms and companies, China noticed the best financial increase within the historical past of mankind. Again to Tesla — it’s nonetheless doing all of its studying in a single central location. That may not even be the proper design — perhaps the automobile must study regionally because the 14-year-old does.

Third, there additionally isn’t any thought but given to the automobile–human interface. When the automobile is making a left flip into site visitors, the driving force wants to look at the site visitors and he has no info on whether or not the automobile goes to go within the hole of the site visitors or not. Now, perhaps the display screen says one thing, however I don’t know as a result of it isn’t secure to have a look at the display screen throughout this maneuver. That is in all probability as a result of Tesla is so optimistic that this may all be working in a number of extra months that there isn’t a motive to waste time on involving the driving force within the system. I’m wondering how lengthy earlier than they notice this is a crucial perform they should add if they will’t get FSD working.

Fourth, the software program doesn’t have parking heaps discovered. FSD can’t park and FSD can’t unpark. When you’ve got ever navigated parking heaps round Christmas, you’ll notice this isn’t a easy downside to unravel. You’ve got individuals waving to you to take that house and also you want a technique to thank individuals which are courteous to you. As soon as once more, we don’t have any of those options even in beta. It looks as if an exterior show would must be added to sign different automobiles, presumably one within the entrance and one within the again.

Fifth, from watching all of the zero-intervention drives on YouTube, it looks as if FSD works considerably higher in California and Texas than the remainder of the nation. I assume it is because it’s primarily skilled there and so they replace the maps if they’re unsuitable. If a 14-year-old learns to drive in California, they will drive in any state with little adjustment, however FSD appears to have hassle adapting to different states. I assume the rationale Elon doesn’t notice that is he doesn’t use FSD outdoors of Texas and California. I assume FSD is overtrained in these areas and works pretty effectively there.

I’m positive some staff have tried to inform Elon some or the entire factors I deliver up, however for some motive or one other he dismisses these considerations or has causes they aren’t legitimate.


I believe there’s a important probability that FSD gained’t be solved for 10 years and this shall be like Fb losing billions on the Metaverse earlier than realizing it’s on the unsuitable path.

Now, as a Tesla investor, and since I believe FSD can save lives if we will get it to work, I hope all the pieces I mentioned on this article is unsuitable and all only a large misunderstanding.

If you wish to benefit from my Tesla referral hyperlink to get Reward Credit, right here’s the code: https://ts.la/paul92237 — however as I’ve mentioned earlier than, if one other proprietor helped you extra, please use their hyperlink as a substitute of mine. If you wish to study extra about Tesla’s new referral program, Chris Boylan has written an wonderful article on it.

Disclosure: I’m a shareholder in Tesla [TSLA], BYD [BYDDY], Nio [NIO], XPeng [XPEV], Hertz [HTZ], and several other ARK ETFs. However I provide no funding recommendation of any kind right here.


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