Growing Nonflammable Electrolyte To Forestall Thermal Runaway In Lithium-Ion Batteries

The Korea Institute of Science and Expertise (KIST) President Seok-Jin Yoon introduced {that a} collaborative analysis group led by Dr. Minah Lee of the Vitality Storage Analysis Heart, Professor Dong-Hwa Web optimization of the Korea Superior Institute of Science and Expertise (KAIST), and Drs. Yong-Jin Kim and Jayeon Baek of the Korea Institute of Industrial Expertise (KITECH) has developed a nonflammable electrolyte that doesn’t catch hearth at room temperature by tailoring the molecular construction of linear natural carbonate to forestall hearth and thermal runaway in lithium-ion batteries.

Credit score: Korea Institute of Science and Expertise

Credit score: Korea Institute of Science and Expertise

As the usage of medium and large-scale lithium-ion batteries in electrical autos and power storage methods (ESS) expands, issues about fires and explosions are rising. Fires in batteries happen when batteries are short-circuited on account of exterior impacts, abuse or growing older, and the thermal runaway phenomenon accompanied by a serial exothermic reactions makes it tough to extinguish the hearth and poses a excessive danger of private damage. Specifically, the linear natural carbonate utilized in industrial electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries has a low flash level and simply catches hearth even at room temperature, which is a direct explanation for ignition.

Till now, to be able to scale back the flammability of the electrolyte, Intensive fluorination within the solvent molecules or extremely concentrated salts has been broadly adopted. In consequence, the lithium-ion transport within the electrolyte was lowered or these have been incompatible with industrial electrodes, limiting their commercialization.

(Left) Electrolyte of a industrial lithium-ion battery (DEC) and a brand new electrolyte (BMEC) developed by a joint analysis group from KIST, KITECH, and KAIST (proper).

By concurrently making use of alkyl chain extension and alkoxy substitution to the diethyl carbonate(DEC) molecule, a typical linear natural carbonate utilized in industrial lithium-ion battery electrolytes, the researchers developed a brand new electrolyte, bis(2-methoxyethyl) carbonate(BMEC), with enhanced flash level and ionic conductivity by rising intermolecular interactions and the solvation potential. The BMEC answer has a flash level of 121°C, which is 90°C larger than that of the traditional DEC answer, and thus isn’t ignitable within the temperature vary for standard battery operation. BMEC can dissociate lithium salt stronger than its easy alkylated counterpart, dibutyl carbonate(DBC), fixing the issue of slower lithium ion transport when lowering flammability by rising intermolecular interplay. In consequence, it retains greater than 92% of the unique fee functionality of the traditional electrolyte whereas considerably lowering the hearth hazards.

As well as, the brand new electrolyte alleviated 37% of flamable gasoline evolution and 62% of warmth era than these of the traditional electrolyte. The analysis group demonstrated the secure operation of 1Ah lithium-ion batteries over 500 cycles by combining the brand new electrolyte with a excessive nickel cathode and a graphite anode. Additionally they carried out a nail-penetration take a look at on a 70% charged 4Ah-level Li-ion battery and confirmed the suppressed thermal runaway.

Dr. Minah Lee of the KIST acknowledged, “The outcomes of this analysis present a brand new route for designing nonflammable electrolytes, which has been inevitably sacrificed the electrochemical property or financial feasibility.” “The developed nonflammable electrolyte has price competitiveness and wonderful compatibility with high-energy density electrode supplies, so it’s anticipated to be utilized to the traditional battery manufacturing infrastructure. Finally, it’s going to speed up the emergence of high-performance batteries with wonderful thermal stability.”

Dr. Jayeon Baek of KITECH acknowledged, “The BMEC answer developed on this analysis will be synthesized by transesterification utilizing low-cost catalysts and simply scaled up. Sooner or later, we are going to develop the synthesis methodology utilizing C1 gasoline (CO or CO2) to reinforce its eco-friendliness additional.”

By Korean Institute of Science & Expertise — KIST was established in 1966 as the primary government-funded analysis institute in Korea. KIST now strives to resolve nationwide and social challenges and safe progress engines by way of main and modern analysis. For extra data, please go to KIST’s web site at

This analysis was supported by the the Nationwide Analysis Council of Science & Expertise and the Mid-Profession Analysis Progam of the Nationwide Analysis Basis of Korea grant by the Korea authorities Ministry of Science and ICT(Minister Jong-Ho Lee). The analysis end result was printed within the newest concern of Vitality & Environmental Science (IF 32.5, JCR prime 0.4%), a global journal within the area of power and environmental science.

Information launch through Newswise


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