December noticed France’s plugin electrical autos develop to take 25.0% share of the auto market, up fractionally from 24.4% a 12 months in the past. Full electrics grew at an honest charge, however plugin hybrids fell. General auto volumes for the month have been flat 12 months on 12 months, however full 12 months 2022 volumes have been down virtually 8% on 2021. The Dacia Spring was December’s bestselling BEV.
December’s total plugin results of 25.0% comprised 15.8% full battery electrical autos (BEVs), and 9.2% plugin hybrids (PHEVs). That is barely modified from their respective shares of 14.6% and 9.8% in December 2021.
For 2022 as a complete, plugins accrued a 21.6% of auto gross sales, with BEVs taking 13.3%, and PHEVs, 8.3%. This can be a modest total progress from 2021’s corresponding share of 18.3% plugins, comprising 9.8% BEV, and eight.5% PHEV. BEVs’ annual progress in share is seen however modest, at 1.36x. Within the hypothetical case the place this charge sustains, BEVs would move 50% of the market by early 2027.
In quantity phrases, the image was extra subdued, for the reason that wider context is that the 2022 total French auto market the truth is shrank by some 8% from 2021. In opposition to this background, BEVs’ 203,121 whole gross sales represented YoY quantity progress of 25.3% (from 162,106 models).
The larger image is that France stays under-supplied with BEVs, and the identical is true throughout Europe as complete. Totally different nationwide markets might get precedence at totally different instances. Hardly ever do progress charges precisely mirror shopper preferences, since total provides stay restricted.
For instance, now we have simply seen Norway obtain comparatively enormous allocations from the pool of BEV provide in November and December, to spice up gross sales forward of car tax will increase in 2023. So, while France was allotted 45,290 BEV models throughout November and December, Norway obtained 49,628. This regardless of the French auto market being usually roughly 10x the dimensions that of Norway, and typical month-to-month French BEV volumes being 2x these of Norway.
Briefly — given the inherently restricted total pool of provide — relying on shifting allocation priorities, some nationwide markets will generally have boosted progress charges, and others suppressed progress charges. Actually up to now few months of this 12 months France has not obtained excessive precedence, and thus its headline progress charges look a bit subdued, in comparison with neighbours like Norway, Sweden, or Germany.
By way of total powertrain evolution, plugins’ regular progress, mixed with progress of plugless hybrids additionally, meant that conventional combustion-only powertrains remained below 50% of recent gross sales for the second month in a row.
The Dacia Spring was December’s prime promoting BEV in France, bookending the 12 months, following its earlier win in January. The Tesla Mannequin 3 took runner up spot, with the Renault Megane taking third, simply forward of the Tesla Mannequin Y.
The brand new MG4 took tenth place, in solely its third month of quantity deliveries. Anticipate it to climb greater nonetheless within the coming months. The Volkswagen ID.3 additionally had a comparatively robust December, over 3x its current month-to-month volumes.
We don’t have sufficient depth of month-to-month mannequin knowledge to detect quietly rising newcomers, however we’ll maintain a watch out for brand new entrants to the highest 10 or prime 20.
Past December’s outcomes, lets take a look at the trailing 3 month mannequin performances:
There aren’t any nice surprises within the prime 10. It’s good to see the VW ID.3 reclaim some place, due to virtually three quarters of its quantity coming within the second half of the 12 months. The Renault Zoe had the alternative destiny, with two thirds of its annual quantity coming in H1, and dwindling quantities since, that means it drops out of the highest 10 within the final 3 months.
On that observe, let’s take a look at the complete 12 months image and see what’s modified since a 12 months in the past:
The Peugeot e-208 has climbed from final 12 months’s #3, to #1, and the Dacia Spring from #4 to #2. The Tesla Mannequin 3 has fallen from #1 to #3, and Renault Zoe has slid extra dramatically from #2 to #7.
Different positions are principally a shuffle, besides that two newer BEVs have entered the highest 10, the Mannequin Y, from #21 to #8, and most impressively, the homegrown Renault Megane. The brand new native hero took 2022’s #4 spot regardless of having solely began quantity deliveries in Might. Because the earlier charts reveal, the Megane is now usually difficult for the month-to-month and quarterly prime spot, and appears set to take the general title in 2023.
The French auto market shrank by round 8% in 2022 in comparison with 2021, to ~1,529,000 models. This can be a great distance down from its typical dimension of round 2,500,000 models over the earlier decade.
The PFA’s communications head, François Roudier, in an interview with AFP, talked of “a succession of crises… semiconductor disaster, the warfare in Ukraine, difficulties in delivering autos as a result of a scarcity of drivers, a rise in the price of supplies, and a gas too costly.” (machine translation)
Clearly worth inflation of gas and power in Europe, and different supplies, are associated to the warfare in Ukraine additionally. The prospects for the French auto trade 2023 are hardly any totally different, with no rapid finish in sight to the battle.
There isn’t any lack of demand for BEVs in France, although provide will proceed to be restricted for the foreseeable future. Different issues being equal, we will anticipate persevering with gradual however regular progress of the EV transition in France, however not the dramatic charge that we noticed in 2020 and 2021.
What are your ideas on France’s auto trade and EV transitions? Please share your perspective within the feedback beneath.
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