EVs Take 24.1% Share In France — In style BEVs Hit By Incentive Cease

Join each day information updates from CleanTechnica on e mail. Or comply with us on Google Information!

Could’s auto gross sales noticed plugin EVs take 24.1% share in France, roughly flat from 24.3% year-on-year. BEV share was up, whereas PHEV share dropped. Total auto quantity was 141,298 models, down by some 3% YoY. The Peugeot e-208 now has a robust lead within the BEV rankings.

Could’s outcomes noticed mixed plugin EVs take 24.1% share in France, comprising 16.9% full battery-electrics (BEVs), with 7.2% plugin hybrids (PHEVs). These examine with YoY figures of 24.3% mixed, with 15.6% BEV, and eight.7% PHEV.

If you happen to’ve been following our French market experiences this yr, you’ll keep in mind that there have been two most important forces at play within the BEV market in latest months.

The primary was the March fifteenth cancellation of the eco-bonus for BEVs made outdoors Europe. This included most of the hottest BEVs; Tesla Mannequin 3, Dacia Spring, Kia Niro, Kia EV6, BYD Atto 3, Volvo EX30, MG4, Ford Mach-e, Fisker Ocean, Nissan Ariya, Toyota BZ4X, and lots of others.

The removing of the bonus for these fashions has successfully blocked (or severely smothered) a few of the least costly BEVs (e.g. Dacia Spring, MG4) and a few of the very best worth BEVs (e.g. Volvo EX30, Tesla Mannequin 3) from the market. The tip result’s that the spectrum of BEVs that stay now comprises fewer inexpensive choices, and fewer good-value choices, than beforehand. Not nice.

The second drive at play has been the social leasing programme which ran from January to mid February, and managed to enroll 50,000 new BEV lease contracts (twice the deliberate quantity). The contracted BEVs weren’t usually delivered “at signing” however as an alternative, with some wait time (a number of weeks to a couple months). For instance, April noticed a robust bump in BEV registrations (up 44.9% in quantity yr on yr), which was virtually actually an impact of the social leasing programme.

Nonetheless, most of these 50,000 leased models have in all probability made their manner by to deliveries by now, and we all know that after a “pull ahead” impact, there’s usually a consequent “hangover” impact.

Add to that hangover, the stopping of the eco-bonus for a lot of in style BEVs, and what do you get? A depressed BEV market. I count on the slowing YoY quantity development we see in Could is a part of this, at simply 5.4% (in comparison with the 27.7% January to April common). Seemingly June (and maybe July, and August) can even see unimpressive YoY development, or maybe even destructive development. Let’s regulate this.

Past BEVs, most different powertrains have been down in quantity YoY, apart from HEVs (plugless hybrids and mild-hybrids), which have been up by a robust 38%. Seemingly most of those are 12 volt or 48 volt “gentle hybrids”, that are a really low cost (and momentary) repair for producers to satisfy tightening emissions guidelines.

In the meantime, PHEVs gross sales volumes have been down YoY by 19%, petrol-only down by 20%, diesel-only down by 25%.

EVs Take 24.1% Share In France

Greatest Promoting BEVs

The Peugeot e-208 has been the very best promoting BEV in France for each month of the yr up to now. Could noticed it ship 2,882 models.

In second place was the Renault Twingo, with 1,688 models, and its sibling the Renault Megane got here in third, with 1,614 models.

It’s seemingly that all the prime three are strongly benefitting from remaining supply models from the social leasing scheme.

Their elevated rank can also be a consequence of the cancellation of the non-European BEVs famous above: within the closing quarter of 2023, none of those now-top-3 fashions even appeared within the prime six, not to mention within the prime 3. Again then, the Tesla Mannequin 3, Tesla Mannequin Y, Dacia Spring, and MG4 have been often dominating. As of Could, solely the European-made Tesla Mannequin Y stays close to the highest now, the Mannequin 3 is relegated to tenth, the MG4 to nineteenth, and the Dacia Spring has disappeared totally!

We don’t have entry to deep sufficient market information to detect the hint volumes of any potential new BEV fashions debuting on the French market. See our different European experiences for the regional image on rising fashions, that are more likely to now (or quickly) be on sale in France additionally.

Let’s take a step again to evaluate the long term rankings:

The traits shaping the trailing 3 months rankings are just like these shaping the month-to-month. The Tesla Mannequin Y was not a part of the social leasing programme, so it has dropped to second place for the reason that December to February interval. The Peugeot 208 has stepped up as an alternative to take the lead.

Hit by the double whammy of the leasing and the inducement cancellation, the Tesla Mannequin 3 has fallen from 2nd within the prior interval, now all the way down to seventh. The Mannequin 3 will seemingly fall additional, since this era continues to be propped up by an honest March, when it managed to make okay gross sales simply previous to the inducement cancellation.

The MG4 is in the identical boat. It’s now all the way down to thirteenth spot, from 4th within the prior interval. Once more, March noticed okay gross sales, so this 3-month window continues to be propped up considerably.  The MG4 will wrestle to remain within the prime 20 going forwards. With a stage taking part in subject, the MG4 is likely one of the most compelling and greatest worth BEVs on sale in Europe – French shoppers are worse off now that it has been boxed in.

The Dacia Spring is in even worse form. Within the December to February interval, it was in fifth spot. Now it has disappeared virtually totally. It had simply 148 gross sales in March, after which a pitiful 35 gross sales in April and Could mixed. This can be a nice disgrace, as a result of over the previous 3 years, the Spring was periodically the month-to-month greatest vendor in France.

When the extent taking part in subject was in place, the Spring was additionally the one BEV in Europe that might be referred to as roughly “inexpensive” on an absolute foundation, and was beloved by French shoppers, simply as inexpensive classics just like the Citroen 2CV, and Renault 4, have been beloved by earlier generations of French drivers.

There’s been loads of pleasure concerning the upcoming Citroen e-C3, which is because of begin buyer deliveries within the subsequent 2 or 3 months (September on the newest). The C3 has an honest steadiness of specs for an entry BEV, with 44 kWh usable LFP battery (45 kWh gross), and respectable effectivity. In beneficial climate situations, it ought to have the ability to repeatedly cowl 2 hours of wise freeway or rural driving, between DC charging stops of simply over half-hour. This period of charging and driving cycle is greater than ok for a lot of Europeans who solely make lengthy journeys very sometimes, particularly in areas with respectable DC infrastructure. Briefly – the automotive itself is all properly and good.

Nonetheless, whereas the pricing (from €23,300) would possibly look like good in relative phrases, given usually excessive European BEV pricing, in actuality, the e-C3 continues to be far overpriced given the low price of BEV elements. LFP cells now price simply €49 per kWh, and a forty five kWh battery pack could be produced for underneath €3,000. The Citroen C3’s built-in 3-in-1 drive unit (83 kW peak) could be sourced for underneath €2,000 in giant orders, with just a few hundred extra for different energy electronics and controls.

Altogether, this provides as much as properly underneath €6,000 in BEV-specific powertrain prices. Then there are the financial savings of not less than €1,500 to €2,500 from avoiding the ICE, transmission, emissions management system, and different ICE ancillaries. Realistically the price premium for the BEV over the ICE variant shouldn’t be greater than ~€4,000.

Why then in France and Germany does the BEV variant get priced from €23,300 MSRP, while the ICE variant is priced from  €14,990 MSRP – a distinction of €8,310? To me this over-inflated pricing is simply one other instance of legacy auto corporations retaining their foot on the brake of the BEV transition. Please share your ideas on this within the feedback part.


Wanting previous the weak auto market, France’s broader financial system noticed 1.1% YoY development in Q1 2024. That is far more healthy than the Euro-area common of 0.4% in Q1, not to mention the destructive development in neighbours reminiscent of Germany (-0.2%), the Netherlands (-0.7%), and Norway (-0.8%).

Inflation was flat at 2.2% in Could, and rates of interest lastly lowered to 4.25% after 7 months at 4.5%. Manufacturing PMI was 46.3 factors, from 45.3 factors in April.

As mentioned above, the approaching months will seemingly see a hangover associated to the tailing-off of the social leasing deliveries, and the persevering with lack of incentives on non-European BEVs, which have been beforehand probably the most inexpensive and greatest worth BEVs out there. We’ll regulate how these dynamics affect the market.

What are your ideas on France’s auto market and transition to EVs? Please be part of within the dialogue beneath.

Have a tip for CleanTechnica? Wish to promote? Wish to recommend a visitor for our CleanTech Speak podcast? Contact us right here.

Newest CleanTechnica.TV Movies



CleanTechnica makes use of affiliate hyperlinks. See our coverage right here.